E-ruralnet is a European network project part-funded by the European Commission in the context of the Lifelong Learning Programme, Transversal projects-ICT. It addresses e-learning as a means for enhancing lifelong learning opportunities in rural areas, with emphasis on SMEs, micro-enterprises, self-employed and persons seeking employment. Previous research of the European e-learning market (www.euracademy-observatory.org) identified important constraints not allowing the rural workforce to take advantage of ICT-enabled learning, mostly related to infrastructure or low personal motivation. Building on this experience, e-ruralnet aims to investigate further the demand for and supply of e-learning in rural areas, including 11 European countries in this endeavour, both old and new member states. It also seeks to link innovative approaches to e-learning and new media for its delivery with the prospect of widening and strengthening the use of ICT for lifelong learning in rural areas.