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"Institutional Research Funding" project IUT20-39
IUT20-39 "Political Community in Flux: Identity, Sovereignty and Democracy in a Transforming World (1.01.2014−31.12.2019)", Eiki Berg, University of Tartu, Faculty of Social Sciences, Johan Skytte Institute of Political Studies.
IUT20-39
Poliitiline kogukond muutuste keerises. Identiteet, suveräänsus ja demokraatia teisenevas maailmas
Political Community in Flux: Identity, Sovereignty and Democracy in a Transforming World
1.01.2014
31.12.2019
R&D project
Institutional Research Funding
ETIS classificationSubfieldCERCS classificationFrascati Manual classificationPercent
2. Culture and Society2.13. Political Science and AdministrationS170 Political and administrative sciences 5.4. Other social sciences [anthropology (social and cultural) and ethnology, demography, geography (human, economic and social), town and country planning, management, law, linguistics, political sciences, sociology, organisation and methods, miscellaneous social sciences and interdisciplinary, methodological and historical S&T activities relating to subjects in this group. Physical anthropology, physical geography and psychophysiology should normally be classified with the natural sciences]100,0
PeriodSum
01.01.2014−31.12.201489 900,00 EUR
01.01.2015−31.12.201589 900,00 EUR
01.01.2016−31.12.201689 900,00 EUR
01.01.2017−31.12.201789 900,00 EUR
01.01.2018−31.12.201889 900,00 EUR
01.01.2019−31.12.201989 900,00 EUR
539 400,00 EUR

Uurimisteema käsitleb riikluse ja rahvusvaheliste suhete süsteemi aluskonstruktsioonide – suveräänsuse, identiteedi ja demokraatia (SID)– teisenemist poliitilise kogukonna ümberkujunemise kontekstis. Teema raames uuritakse SID konstruktsioonide vastastikust seotust, nende sõltuvust poliitilise kogukonna määratlusest ning nende võimalikku teisenemist regionaalse lõimumise, üleilmastumise ja muutuva globaalse jõudude tasakaalu taustal. Kavandatav teadustöö näitab, kuidas diskursiivseid konstruktsioone kasutatakse poliitilise võimu legitimeerimisel; uurib konflikti normide ja poliitilise praktika vahel; osundab, kuidas SID konstruktsioonide ähmasus toob kaasa normide valikulise ja instrumentaalse rakendamise ning pakub lahendusi Euroopa lõimumisega seotud dilemmadele. Teema uurimine avardab arusaamu vastuolulistest küsimustest nagu territoriaalsed eraldumiskatsed, humanitaarinterventsioon, demokraatia propageerimine, poliitiline mälu ning demokraatia tähendus multipolaarses maailmas.
This research theme examines the reconfiguration of the constructs of sovereignty, identity and democracy (SID), both in discourse and political practice, in the context of the transformation of political community. It deconstructs the SID nexus while revealing its embeddedness in particular forms of political community; shows how discursive constructions of SID are used to legitimize specific political realities; explores conflict between codified norms and contemporary political practice; demonstrates how ambiguity surrounding SID gives rise to instrumental use of legal norms; and proposes solutions to dilemmas arising from regional integration. This research provides insights into a range of controversial issues including secession, humanitarian intervention, democracy promotion, clashes over history and memory, policies aiming at transitional justice, the functioning of representative institutions, and global debates about democracy.
The results show that ideational constructs such as sovereignty, identity and democracy which underlie political communities are undergoing significant transformations in the context of regional integration, globalization, and the changing global balance of power. Sovereignty in the conventional sense often conflicts with the norm of self-determination, as well as ideas about universal human rights. Military interventions under the aegis of “responsibility to protect” or in support of “remedial secession” dictate new rules of the game in international politics, which, in turn, bring about a transformation of political communities. The results contribute to our understanding of growing tensions between Russia and the West. A new theoretical approach casts Russia as a subaltern empire which exhibits radical anti-Westernism while remaining economically and normatively dependent on the West. Russia has sought to reassert itself on the global arena via supporting secession, contesting sovereignty, and undermining the liberal world order. On the other hand, growing tensions can be explained by the gradual development of the EU’s security identity which is characterized by a clash between the ambition to have sovereignty and agency and the realization that the Union’s capacity to ensure the security of its citizens, especially in the context of the refugee crisis and terrorist attacks, is severely limited. The results of the project also highlight the growing collective subjectivity of states in the EU-Russia “shared neighborhood.” Retrospective justice has played an important role in the development of collective identities and democratic political cultures in the region. Various state and societal actors seek EU-level support to collective identity constructs based on shared historical experiences. Ensuring the stability of the international order is a vital interest of Estonia. The results of this project may be useful to policymakers in preventing future conflicts.