Projekti eesmärgiks on võrrelda noorte tööturule lülitamise protsessi Ida- ja Kesk-Euroopa üleminekuriikides. Projekti esimesel etapil keskendutakse erinevate riikide haridussüsteemide ja tööturgude kirjeldusele. Teise etapina on kavas kasutades erinevaid andmeallikaid võrrelda noorte tööturule lülitumist (kiirus, sotsiaalne seisund, töötuks jäämise risk jne). Projekti tulemusena publitseeritakse kaks raamatut rahvusvahelistes kirjastustes. Projekti täitmisega seotud kulud hüvitatakse projekti koordinaatori poolt osalejatele otse
By mapping CEE countries with respect to the organization of educational system and labour market, and consequently studying educational attainment and job allocation in these countries the project intends to explore similarities and differences in linkages between education and labour market across Europe, both ‘old’ and ‘new’, identify distinct country clusters in this respect and finally present an integrated picture of the structural and regional inequalities in the enlarged European Union. By tracing variation in job outcomes of successive cohorts of school-leavers we seek to provide further insights into the growing inequality and changing stratification patterns in CEE countries. A key research question of the project pertains to the nature of the education-labour market linkages in CEE countries after the turbulent transformation years and particularly to the way in which national institutional arrangements, namely education and training systems and related modes of labour markets and welfare provisions, affect the education-job allocation process and its outcomes both among young school leavers and more experienced workers. Pursuing descriptive, analytic and methodological objectives, the network of scholars from ten CEE countries together with the colleagues from the MZES intends to use available macro-data sources as well as micro data from the European Union labour force surveys and existing panel and/or retrospective studies for CEE countries. Main research questions are: 1. The nature and the extent of similarities and differences in educational and training systems in the CEE countries and as compared to EU-15 countries; and in the associated type and level of education/training achieved by successive cohorts of school leavers. 2. The relationship between differences in education and training outcomes and social background or ascriptive characteristics, i.e. gender, social class, and ethnic origin; and the nature of cross-national and temporal variation in this respect. 3. The nature of the relationship between the level and the type of educational achievements and ascriptive characteristics of recent school leavers and more experienced workers, and their job allocation processes/outcomes; variation of these relationships by the type of system and across time. How has education-job association altered in CEE countries for those cohorts who had left education yet in socialist times compared to recent school-leavers? 4. The extent of cross-national variation in education-job linkages among recent school-leavers in CEE countries and as compared to EU-15. To what extent are these differences related to cross-national variation in education/training, labour market structure and regulations, and social protection?