Conducting polymer (CP) actuator preparation needs in form of bilayer or trilayer on no-conductive layers (PET, Polyethylene terephthalate) traditional conductive coatings such as Pt (Platinum) or Au (gold) where the CP electrochemical deposit. The replacement with CNT or CNT/PEDOT-PSS on no-conductive layer been investigated and found comparable to the traditional coatings in view of actuator response. The actuator design been investigated on auto-focus fluid lens device where membrane actuation been applied. The required force to overcome between electrolyte and oil is not sufficient enough for CP actuators alone to achieve a lens change, therefore a new actuator design is proposed with carbon derived carbon (CDC) coatings. The conductive coatings with CDC material will also have actuator functionality with higher force expectation and the goal is to combine CP actuator with CDC to achieve better force output (10-100 mN) and sufficient displacement, speed and durability. The second method based on nanobubble formation over photo reaction of implemented DNQ ((1,2-naphthoquinone-diazide-5-sulfonate) in solid polymers to create higher charging properties and nano-porous structure (released N2 during photo-active reaction). Investigation of PLA (Poly-lactitacid)-fiber with nanobubble implementation been made and the modulus found 15 times higher. The nanobubble technique been applied on CP actuator and 10 time higher actuation was found. To detect nanobubble in solid polymer a new method based on the Mie-Method will be developed to obtain more insight of polymers polymer interaction.