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"Estonian Science Foundation Research Grant" project ETF6687
ETF6687 "Places of Memory and Cultures of Remembrance (1.01.2006−31.12.2009)", Ene Kõresaar, University of Tartu, Faculty of Philosophy.
ETF6687
Mälukohad ja mäletamise kultuurid 21. sajandi Eestis
Places of Memory and Cultures of Remembrance
1.01.2006
31.12.2009
R&D project
Estonian Science Foundation Research Grant
Field of researchSubfieldCERCS specialityFrascati Manual specialityPercent
2. Culture and Society2.11. Social SciencesS100 History and Philosophy of the social sciences 5.4. Other social sciences [anthropology (social and cultural) and ethnology, demography, geography (human, economic and social), town and country planning, management, law, linguistics, political sciences, sociology, organisation and methods, miscellaneous social sciences and interdisciplinary, methodological and historical S&T activities relating to subjects in this group. Physical anthropology, physical geography and psychophysiology should normally be classified with the natural sciences]100,0
InstitutionRolePeriod
University of Tartu, Faculty of Philosophycoordinaator01.01.2006−31.12.2009
PeriodSum
01.01.2006−31.12.2006192 000,00 EEK (12 271,04 EUR)
01.01.2007−31.12.2007192 000,00 EEK (12 271,04 EUR)
01.01.2008−31.12.2008192 000,00 EEK (12 271,04 EUR)
01.01.2009−31.12.2009184 320,00 EEK (11 780,20 EUR)
48 593,32 EUR

Uurimuse objektideks on mälukohad ja mäletamise kultuurid. Mälukohtadena mõistetakse kõiki kultuurifenomene, mida kollektiivsel tasandil teadlikult või ebateadlikult seotakse mineviku ja rahvusliku identiteediga. Uurimusse valitud “kohad” on rahvuslikku tähendust omavad sündmused (Teine maailmasõda, ENSV), kultuurinähtused (traditsioon) ja institutsioonid (muuseum). Uurimuses esitatakse küsimus nende mälukohtade taasloomise praktikatest, süsteemist ja loogikast ning omavahelisest seotusest rahvusliku ajaloo, (poliitilise) kultuuri ning tänapäeva globaalse mõistevõrgustiku kaudu. Teisiti väljendudes on küsimus mäletamise kultuuridest – minevikuseoste ja - representatsioonide paljususest. Spetsiifiliste mäletamiskultuuride uurimisel keskendutakse küsimustele ühiskonna “mälulaetusest”, erinevate gruppide huvidest, mnemotehnikatest ja mineviku kujutamise erinevatest viisidest. Mälu ja kultuuri mõistetakse uurimuses diskursiivsetena. Toetutakse A.&J. Assmanni kommunikatiivse ja kultuurimälu teooriale ning nende kultuuri- ja sotsiaalteaduslikele edasiarendustele. Uurimuses kasutatakse olemasolevaid etnograafilis ja eluloolisi allikaid ERM, EVM ja EKLA fondidest, samuti eri tasandi avalikke tekste. Samuti luuakse uusi allikaid biograafilise ja temaatilise intervjuu, (muuseumi) külastusvaatluse jm meetodil. Loodavad allikad antakse üle ERM, EVM ja EKLA arhiividesse ning muudetakse laiemalt kasutatavaks. Projekti vahetulemusi avaldatakse jooksvalt projekti kestel erialaajakirjades ning tutvustatakse konverentsidel. Projekti keskpaika on planeeritud jooksvaid uurimistulemusi ning rahvusvahelist koostööd kokku võttev artiklikogumik. Projekti lõpuks on planeeritud 3 doktoritöö kaitsmine ning monograafia publitseerimine.
The study focuses on places of memory and cultures of remembrance in the 21th century Estonia. Places of memory are broadly understood as cultural phenomena that are collectively and consciously or unconsciously linked to the national past and identity. The places of memory selected for this research are: 1.events of national significance (the IIWW, ESSR), 2. culture phenomena (tradition), 3. institutions (museum). The main question posed in this study is about practices, system and logic of re-creating these places of memory as well as their interrelatedness through national history, (political) culture and contemporary global conceptual network. Simultaneously, it is a question of cultures of remembrance, i.e. plurality of relations and representations of the past. The study of specific cultures of remembrance focuses on questions of how society is “charged with memory”, what are the interests of different groups, what are the techniques and ways of representation of the past. Memory and culture are discoursively understood in this study. Methodologically the study proceeds from the theory of communicative and cultural memory of A.&J. Assmann as well as its elaborations within cultural and social studies. The main sources of this study are ethnographic and biographical material collected by the ENM, EOAM and ECHA as well as printed public texts. New sources are to be created via ethnographic fieldwork using methods of biographical and thematic interviews, unobtrusive observation of museum visitors etc. The source material created during the project will be delivered over to the archives of ENM, EOAM and ECHA to make them available for the wider circle of researchers. Interim results will be presented at conferences and seminars. Articles resulting from the project are published in Estonian and international publications. In the middle of the project a collection of articles will be published that introduces current results of this research project and its international cooperation. The project results with the publication of doctoral dissertations and a monograph.