In October 2005 Estonia became the first country in the world to have statewide elections where people could cast binding votes over the internet. Since then, a total of five e-enabled elections have been held on European, national and local levels. In 2013 Estonia will introduce a new pioneering feature of internet voting – vote verification. This project is designed to study the impact of verified remote internet voting on voter confidence and trust toward the system of e-voting. More specifically, the purpose of this project is to: • study the nature of technological risks and attacks against the system of e-voting, • propose real-time means to evade and respond to potential threats, • measure and analyse attitudinal and behavioural responses of voters to malicious attacks, • investigate the impact of vote verification on voter confidence, trust and the user experience of the system of e-voting, • assess the impact of verified internet voting on voter turnout and political participation. With an interdisciplinary team consisting of computer- and political scientists, mathematicians and econometricians, two major activity packages will be carried out in order to study the three coming elections (local elections of 2013, European Parliament elections of 2014 and Parliamentary elections of 2015).