Projekti eesmärgiks on taotluse ettevalmistamine EK programmi Horisont2020 (YOUNG2: Youth mobility: opportunities, impacts, policies) raames. Taotlusvalmistatakse ette koostöös partneritega Soomest, Saksamaalt, Inglismaalt, Itaaliast, Poolast ja Rumeeniast.
This project application aims to assess the interaction between policies and institutions on youth transitions and migration. We will critically evaluate policies and institutional frameworks for youth mobility and also labour market integration of migrant and non-migrant youth and identify ways to improve policy measures that might be more effective in facilitating youth mobility and their integration across the EU. A supranational EU labour market could, as a result, have better matching of skills with jobs, allowing greater opportunities to develop skills via mechanisms such as transnational career ladders and migration both supplementing national youth transition regimes. However, migrants are often kept out of the core part of the labour market preventing the realisation of the full potential of their skills. This means EU mobility undermines the efficiency of national skills formation systems and question the effects of national youth transition regimes, causing less smooth school to work transitions and perhaps crises of skill development. Our main research question: in what conditions and contexts does youth geographical mobility improve their integration to the labour market. The up-to-the-minute literature concerning youth transition and skill formation are based on the concepts of national systems of education and labour markets. This project goes further, simultaneously approaching national, international, as well as pan-European contexts for skill formation and transition from school to work. The country cases of the UK, Germany, Finland, Italy, Romania, Poland and Estonia will be analyzed in terms of origin-host country pairs. Based on surveys, the outcomes of the existing system(s) in Europe will be determined and specificities of the case study countries will be explored. Expert interviews, as well as biographical and focus-group interviews with mobile youth from the Eastern European countries, both in the host and origin countries will form the core of the analyses.