Enactive cinema paves way for understanding complex real-time social interaction in neuroimaging experiments
Tikka, P.; Väljamäe, A.; de Borst, A.W.; Pugliese, R.; Ravaja, N.; Kaipainen, M.; Takala, T. (2012). Enactive cinema paves way for understanding complex real-time social interaction in neuroimaging experiments. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, NOVEMBER 2012, 1.10.3389/fnhum.2012.00298.
Tikka, P.; Väljamäe, A.; de Borst, A.W.; Pugliese, R.; Ravaja, N.; Kaipainen, M.; Takala, T.
Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
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Aalto University; Karl-Franzens-Universitat Graz; NeuroGenetics Media Lab; Aalto University; Helsingin Yliopisto; Aalto University; Sodertorn University
We outline general theoretical and practical implications of what we promote as enactive cinema for the neuroscientific study of online socio-emotional interaction. In a real-time functional magnetic resonance imaging (rt-fMRI) setting, participants are immersed in cinematic experiences that simulate social situations. While viewing, their physiological reactions-including brain responses-are tracked, representing implicit and unconscious experiences of the on-going social situations. These reactions, in turn, are analyzed in real-time and fed back to modify the cinematic sequences they are viewing while being scanned. Due to the engaging cinematic content, the proposed setting focuses on living-by in terms of shared psycho-physiological epiphenomena of experience rather than active coping in terms of goal-oriented motor actions. It constitutes a means to parametrically modify stimuli that depict social situations and their broader environmental contexts. As an alternative to studying the variation of brain responses as a function of a priori fixed stimuli, this method can be applied to survey the range of stimuli that evoke similar responses across participants at particular brain regions of interest. © 2012 Tikka,Väljamäe,de Borst,Pugliese,Ravaja,Kaipainenand Takala.
Brain computer interfaces | Enactive cinema | Generative storytelling | Implicit interaction | Neurofeedback | Real-time fmri | Social neuroscience